Education and Human Resources - (EHR) - #47.076
In fiscal year 2007, 4,249 proposals were received, and 904 awards were made. In fiscal year 2008, it is anticipated that approximately 4,550 proposals will be received and about 910 awards will be made. In addition, H-1B Nonimmigrant Petitioner scholarship activity made 133 awards to institutions in fiscal year 2006, resulting in over 9,700 scholarship opportunities.
Examples of Funded Projects
1) In a study conducted under a grant to the Educational Testing Service supported by EHR's Research on Learning and Education (ROLE) program, researchers and educators have successfully demonstrated a computer-based learning system for mathematics that can accommodate both visually impaired and sighted students. The system uses text enlargement on normal displays for low vision students, a Talking Tactile Tablet for blind students, and normal displays for fully sighted students. In addition, the system develops a model for each student's understanding of mathematical concepts, and then uses those models to provide problem-solving advice to students regardless of their visually acuity. The student models have been validated in a pilot test of 50 students, and the system is now being tested with over 300 blind, visually impaired, and fully sighted students. 2) Funded by EHR's Information Technology Experiences for Students and Teachers (ITEST) program, an innovative effort to demonstrate its capabilities is being developed by the Center for Embedded Networked Sensing Education (CENSei) at the University of California-Los Angeles. CENSei's web-supported curricular materials allow middle school students to explore scientific data collected from embedded sensor networks deployed in Southern California ecosystems. CENSei draws on the expertise of education researchers, natural scientists, information scientists, and teachers to overcome the challenges students face in using scientifically rich data. Their efforts investigate how a data rich sensor environment can become a learning environment with an appropriate interface and supports for student inquiry. CENSei capitalizes on NSF's investment in the Center for Embedded Network Sensing, a Science and Technology Center. 3) EHR's Informal Science Education (ISE) program supports Peep and the Big Wide World (PEEP), a daily, half-hour television series with accompanying web and outreach activities for 3- to 5-year-olds. PEEP gives wings to the innovative idea of teaching science to preschoolers. Airing on TLC and the Discovery Kids Channel, the TV series is tied for the top-rated program for children 2-5 in the weekday morning time block. The series is also reaching parents, providing them with information on how to extend their children's science learning in everyday situations. And PEEP is impacting the field of informal science education, as well, by giving preschool educators resources and training in how to nurture young children's science learning. PEEP is achieving this impact in part through its community of collaborators. Partners include educational organizations (e.g., 4-H, the National Education Association, Parents as Teachers), libraries (American Library Association), museums (via the Boston Children's Museum), and promotional media outlets. 4) The NSF Graduate Teaching Fellowships in K-12 Education (GK-12) program supports graduate students in STEM fields while providing them an opportunity to serve as resources in K-12 schools. Graduate Fellows at the University of Colorado Boulder taught engineering to more than 1,600 girls and boys through its integrated teaching and learning program. In the Denver School of Science and Technology, a high needs school, GK-12 Fellows initiated an engineering technical elective course. During fall 2005 engineering lessons were developed on several topics, including weather, biodomes, dams, states of matter, the human body and natural disasters. 5) With a grant from the Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeships (IGERT) program, IGERT students at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, are assessing the sustainability of high-latitude regions, and working to discover how to reduce the vulnerability of these regions to both ecological and social change. One of the students contributed to the polar chapter of the UNESCO-sponsored Millennium Assessment, which isinvestigating the impacts of global change on human well-being. Four students worked with Native village councils or with the Alaska Native Science Commission to develop plans to assess changes in the subsistence resource base for Native Alaskans. 6) In December 2005, the National Science Digital Library (NSDL), in partnership with the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE), offered free online professional development workshops to K-12 science and math teachers in hurricane-impacted schools, as well as to those teaching hurricane-displaced students. The workshops provided practical ideas for finding and using digital library resources, with a particular emphasis on strategies that are easy to implement in storm-stressed classrooms and in distance learning courses being offered to displaced students. 7) The state of North Carolina has experienced an increase in new STEM graduates as a result of EHR's Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation (LSAMP) program. Led by North Carolina A&T State University, the NC-LSAMP is a partnership of eight North Carolina colleges and universities. The project increases the quantity and quality of underrepresented minority students receiving bachelor's degrees in STEM disciplines. The newly instituted 'Bridge to the Doctorate' initiative is in high gear supporting graduate students in a broad range of science and engineering disciplines. 8) Improving teacher quality in mathematics and science education, K-12, is a key goal of the Math and Science Partnership (MSP) program. Graduates of the Florida Atlantic University Teacher Institute, for example, will receive a master's degree that includes a newly developed strand for middle school mathematics teaching. MSP Summer Institutes respond to the differentiated needs of the teachers they serve. In its work with inservice teachers in central Appalachia, the Appalachian Mathematics and Science Partnership (AMSP), a Comprehensive Partnership, reports significant gains with teachers in the project's innovative 2005 summer Algebra Institutes. 9) Building on an earlier NSF-supported project at the Indiana University of Pennsylvania (which was funded by NSF's Course, Curriculum, and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) program), educators at the University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire, have developed the Computational Laboratory for Information and Computer Security, or CLICS. Funded by NSF's Federal Cyber Service: Scholarship for Service (SFS) program, CLICS is a two day 'cyber-war exercise' that gives undergraduate students hands-on experience with the issues, strategies, and tools involved in computer security and information assurance. The Cyber-war exercises involve students in real-world, team-based efforts to harden their systems, detect intrusions and respond in real time - without threatening the wider campus network. 10) With funding from EHR's Centers of Research Excellence in Science and Technology (CREST) the Florida International University CREST Center has created TerraFly (http://terrafly.fiu.edu), a Web-enabled system developed to aid in the visualization of spatial imagery, the first step toward building geospatial skills. The system allows Web surfers to 'fly' over the Earth's surface and explore spatial data such as aerial photography, satellite imagery, street maps, and locale information. The web site is designed for users of all levels, from grade school to university researchers. Unlike other geographic information systems, TerraFly runs via standard Web browsers, with no need to download software or data prior to visualization. This ease of use and accessibility is evidenced by the most recent user statistics that report over 10,000 hits a day. 11) The Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) is funding the Quarked project which creates an entertaining multimedia experience about quarks aimed at children ages 7-12, but accessible to all ages. The educational goals of the project areto introduce quarks and the people who work with them into the common language of kids; investigate how young people are introduced to and grasp the scientific world of the unseen and abstract; and to demystify subatomic physics, while changing the perception that science is difficult and inaccessible. Developments include a half-hour animated TV series, an interactive web site (www.quarked.org), museum programs, and educational outreach activities. 12) With support from NSF's Robert Noyce Scholarship Program, Drexel University recruits science, engineering, and mathematics majors who are committed to teaching mathematics and science in the School District of Philadelphia. The program provides strong teacher preparation addressing content knowledge, pedagogical knowledge, learner knowledge and technology integration. Mentoring and induction activities provide support to the new teachers. To broaden the exposure of students to teaching, the Noyce Seminar Series provides a venue for Noyce Scholars to interact with teacher leaders, teacher scientists, and experts who are leaders in pedagogy, science and mathematics teaching or scientists with a penchant for teaching.
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