Nursing Research - #93.361
The National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) supports clinical and basic research to build the scientific foundation for clinical practice, prevent disease and disability, manage and eliminate symptoms caused by illness, and enhance end-of-life and palliative care. NINR seeks of extend nursing science by integrating the biological and behavioral sciences, employing new technologies to research questions, improving research methods, and developing the scientists of the future. NINR accomplishes its mission through research on preventing, delaying the onset, and slowing the progression of disease and disability. This includes (a) finding effective approaches to achieving and sustaining a healthy lifestyle and preventing diseases and disability; (b) improving the quality of life for patients, families, and informal caregivers by enhancing the individual's role in managing disease and disability, relieving symptoms, and improving outcomes; (c) eliminating health disparities, including disparities based on race/ethnicity, gender, socio-economic status, geography, cultural factors, and disability, and (d) addressing issues at the end of life, improving palliative care, enhancing the quality of life for the dying patient, and supporting family and informal caregivers. These efforts are crucial in translating scientific advances into cost- effective health care that does not compromise quality. NINR accomplishes its mission by supporting grants to universities and other research organizations as well as by conducting research intramural at laboratories in Bethesda, Maryland. The research fosters interdisciplinary collaborations to ensure a comprehensive approach to research on illness and disabling conditions. This approach is especially relevant in research aimed at developing interventions that address the needs of diverse populations across the life span, adapting and generating new technologies, integrating biological and behavioral science, improving methods for future scientific discoveries. In addition, the Institute supports comprehensive research training programs to prepare individuals with requisite interdisciplinary skills to conduct nursing research. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program: NINR seeks to expand and improve the SBIR program; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; to increase small business participation in Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged mall business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program: Through this program, NINR seeks to stimulate and foster scientific and technological innovation through cooperative research and development carried out between small business concerns and research institutions; to foster technology transfer between small business concerns and research institutions; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation. Centers Program: To promote interdisciplinary research, offer an environment for research training and career development, and concentrate research through Centers for Nursing Research. Program areas are as follows: Chronic conditions and infectious diseases, including health issues of individuals with arthritis, diabetes, urinary incontinence, digestive disorders, and musculoskeletal disorders; Health behavior and minority health, including studies of health disparities, women's health, men's health, and health and risk behaviors research; Cardiopulmonary and critical care science, including research on responses to acute cardiovascular events, chronic management of cardiovascular disease, and responses to acute and chronic pulmonary conditions such as COPD, asthma, and other non-infection-caused conditions; Neuroscience, including research on symptom management and/or prevention of cognitive deficits, neurological conditions, and informal caregiving for persons with these conditions; HIV/AIDS and oncology, including symptom management, self-management, and caregiving of patients with cancer, HIV/AIDS, and immune disorders; Reproductive, child, and family health, including reproduction and child bearing issues, infant development and illness, child and adolescent health promotion and risk reduction, and family health; End of life and long term care, including clinical management of physical and psychological symptoms, communication, ethics and clinical decision-making, caregiver support, and care delivery issues at the end of life.
(Project Grants) FY 09 $112,819,000; FY 10 $116,372,000; FY 11 $119,202,000 - Research Grants. (Training) FY 09 $8,996,000; FY 10 $8,996,000; FY 11 $9,536,000 - National Research Service Awards (NRSA).
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